The Kenyan flag is symbolic of the unification of the different tribes and beliefs in Kenya. The black band represents the majority population, the red symbolizes the blood shed during the fight for independence, the green stands for natural wealth, and the white is for peace. The Maasai warrior’s shield and spears protect the freedom of Kenya and its people. 

Official Name Republic of Kenya
Independence December 12, 1963 from Britain
President Uhuru Kenyatta (elected in April 2013)
Capital City Nairobi
Area  ~225,000 sq miles, approx. twice the size of Nevada
Languages English (official), Kiswahili (national), 42 indigenous
Population 44 million
Ethnic Groups Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Religion Christian 82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%, Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2009 census)
Literacy Rate 85.1%
Life expectancy  62 years for men, 65 years for women
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate 6.1% (2012)
People living with HIV/AIDS 1.646 million (2012)
Main Exports tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement
Highest point Mount Kenya, 5,199 m (second highest peak in Africa)
Natural resources Limestone, Gemstones, Wildlife, Hydropower
Natural hazards/Environment Issues Recurring drought, water pollution, deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, poaching
GDP $75 billion (2012)
Unemployment Rate 40% (2008)
Poverty Population 50% (2000), much higher now
Refugees (country of origin); internally displaced persons 439,259 (Somalia); 46,191 (South Sudan); 31,682 (Ethiopia); 14,614 (Democratic Republic of Congo); 7,987 (Sudan) (2014)
Time Difference, U.S.-Kenya UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Telephone Country Code When calling Kenya from the US- 011 (international), 254 (Kenya), drop the 0 of the Kenyan number
Currency Kenyan Shilling, KSh; US$1=KSh86.05 (2014)


BBC News. Kenya Country Profile. Accessed October 2010

CIA World Factbook. Africa: Kenya. Accessed February 2014

Parkinson, Tom; Phillips, Matt; Will Gourlay. The Lonely Planet: Kenya. April 2006.

CIA World Factbook. Africa: Kenya. Accessed October 2010